Thomas Shippey

A Very Modern Viking

Cnut the Great

By Timothy Bolton

Yale University Press 244pp £30 order from our bookshop

What made Cnut ‘Great’? The short answer is that he was the big winner at the time when the Viking Age turned into Game of Thrones. Cnut was the son of Swen Forkbeard, the son of Harald Bluetooth. On the larger of the two runic stones he had cut at Jelling in Jutland, Cnut’s grandfather described himself as the man who ‘won the whole of Denmark for himself, and Norway, and made the Danes Christian’. All three claims are dubious. The conversion of Denmark does not seem to have made the Danes notably or universally Christian, Norway remained ungovernable by anyone and Harald’s rule of Denmark was terminated by Swen’s rebellion.

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