Thomas Cromwell has had his apologists. The late Sir Geoffrey Elton hailed him as Henry VIII’s not-so-evil genius, admiring him for his political vision and structural innovations in government. Yet even he could never make Cromwell an appealing figure, and for many he has remained the arch-villain of Tudor England. In this gripping and solidly researched biography, Robert Hutchinson zestfully presents the case for the prosecution. Cromwell is convincingly presented not only as a frighteningly efficient agent of tyranny but as a cruel and grasping individual whose contempt for justice and human rights transformed the kingdom into a near-totalitarian state. It is no defence that Cromwell’s ruthlessness merely reflected that of his master Henry VIII, who ultimately repaid his servant’s loyalty by casting him to the wolves. Hutchinson relates the story of Cromwell’s downfall, like that of his career, with tremendous verve, and while it is hard to feel compassion, the account of how he was destroyed by ‘the bloody laws’ he had introduced reads like Greek tragedy.