Benjamin Ivry

Enlightening Conductor

Toscanini: Musician of Conscience

By

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The conductor Arturo Toscanini (1867–1957), the sesquicentennial of whose birth is commemorated this year, combined unsurpassed passion with refinement in musical performance. Despite his renown for fidelity to the written notes, Toscanini always conducted from memory, as he was too myopic to perform without glasses and too vain to wear them in front of audiences. He was also not averse to gingering up scores to achieve what he felt were composers’ real intentions. 

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