After the introduction in 1997 of new combination therapy drugs that began to save the lives of many (though not all) HIV patients, the genre of AIDS fiction effectively shrank, certainly among gay male writers. Long considered a commercial no-go for publishers, it also seemed now to lack an ethical imperative, since the prospects for HIV patients had improved so dramatically (the situation hadn’t changed entirely, but that’s a different story). As the epidemic itself came to be seen in historical terms, its victims too became, as the title of Felice Picano’s ambitious 1995 saga had it, ‘like people in history’.
Now, after two decades of near-dormancy in the field of AIDS fiction, three ambitious novels – all written by female American authors – have placed the plague centre stage. First came Hanya Yanagihara’s moving if overblown Booker Prize-shortlisted A Little Life (2015). This year has already seen the publication of 29-year-old Chloe Benjamin’s The Immortalists. The third and by far the most successful of the trio is Rebecca Makkai’s The Great Believers.