The history of liberalism is a muddle, and even historians of liberalism are muddled about it. When they use the word, they routinely attach different and conflicting meanings to it. Sometimes it is taken to mean support for small government, sometimes the opposite; it can mean support for free markets, but not when state intervention and the defence of property rights are required. In part, this is a consequence of the most modern muddle of all, which is the conflation of ‘liberal’ and ‘liberalism’ into the idea of ‘liberal democracy’. Outside of academia, it is often hard to recall that this understanding of liberalism is of recent vintage. It really only began to gain traction in Anglo-American political thought and practice in the early 20th century. At the time of the First World War, liberalism started to align with the internationalism embodied in Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points, turning ‘liberal democracy’ into nothing less than a vision for the future of humanity.
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Happy #IndexDay! "Reading in reverse" is about as perfect a description of using an index as we've come across. (We've been #indexing from home this week, and the total immersion in a book's themes and schemes is oddly soothing. Categorical love to indexers everywhere 📚) https://twitter.com/Lit_Review/status/1244897571161755649
Wishing you all a very happy National Indexing Day! To celebrate, have a read of this piece by Stuart Hannabus on the joy of indexes, and the fun of reading in reverse. #indexday
'There can’t be many histories of London that have given room, for instance, to the Koreans of New Malden or the Bombay Emporium of Mayfair in the 1930s.'
Jerry White on @profpanayi's 'Migrant City'.