Queen Victoria was a wise old bird. She had the measure of her troublesome grandson, the future Kaiser, from the outset. In one of numerous condemnations quoted by Catrine Clay in her fascinating and often hilarious study of European Royalty in the run-up to the Great War, the old Queen laments of her grandson to his mother (her favourite daughter and namesake, Vicky):
The nonsense provoked by entrusting delicate & important matters to such INEXPERIENCED hands – and those of such a GREEN & IMPETUOUS young man. It DAMAGES THE CAUSE, sets HIS head spinning, and is an outrage against you.