Alan Sheridan has written a biography of Gide. It is the story of Gide’s life and the history of the many books that Gide published. He writes therefore both as an historian and as a literary critic.
Gide was an active man, who travelled a lot, had many friends, had a private life which is usually described as scandalous, and published a great deal. Therefore Sheridan, who is a most careful and conscientious biographer, has amassed a remarkable amount of detail. Thus, if we take Paludes, which was published in 1895, we are told about all the circumstances in which it was written. There are Gide’s disagreements with his mother in Normandy, sudden decisions to cut short his stay with her and threats to go to Madagascar. On medical advice he spends four weeks in La Brévine near Neuchâtel. But before going there, he goes to Switzerland and northern Italy, where he has an idyllic episode with a boy on Lake Como, first depicted as innocent but later described as not at all ‘innocent’.