Michael Burleigh

Lethal Intelligence

Directorate S: The CIA and America's Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan, 2001–2016

By

Allen Lane 757pp £25 order from our bookshop

Directorate S is a covert department within Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) agency. It is dedicated to supporting Islamist radicals, Kashmiri separatists and the Afghan Taliban. ISI has always been led by a three-star army general, answerable to the chief of the general staff. For much of the period covered by Steve Coll’s book, General Ashfaq Kayani loomed large, serving as director-general of ISI from 2004 to 2007, before becoming chief of army staff. He figures prominently in Coll’s account, often veiled by a cloud of cigarette smoke.

Follow Literary Review on Twitter

  • Last Tweets

    • Whom did Picasso label a 'bristly pig'? Read Rosalind P Blakesley's review of The Collector by Natalya Semenova to… ,
    • Alexandra Gajda on Anna Beer's new biography, Patriot or Traitor: The Life and Death of Sir Walter Ralegh ,
    • Mark Lawson reviews @jonathancoe's Middle England - The Rotters' Club for our Brexit age. ,
    • 'Behind every book that is published lies ... a haunted landscape, populated by the ghosts of things written and ex… ,
    • 'We once more live in a great age of dragon invention' Here's Tom Shippey on Martin Arnold's The Dragon ,
    • RT : Man at the q&a part of the book panel: Don't say it Don't say it Don't say it Don't say it Don't say it Don't s… ,
    • Here's @epkaufm's Whiteshift, reviewed in this month's magazine by ,