David Stevenson

Peace of Mind

The Internationalists and Their Plan to Outlaw War


Allen Lane 581pp £30 order from our bookshop

This book has a powerful and timely message, though one weakened by overstatement. At its core is the Pact of Paris signed on 27 August 1928, better known as the Kellogg-Briand Pact (named after the then American secretary of state and the French minister for foreign affairs). The document’s text is simple:

Article I: The High Contracting Parties solemnly declare in the names of their respective peoples that they condemn recourse to war for the solution of international controversies, and renounce it, as an instrument of national policy in their relations with one another.
Article II: The High Contracting Parties agree that the settlement or solution of all disputes or conflicts of whatever nature or of whatever origin they may be, which may arise among them, shall never be sought except by pacific means.

In short, the pact aspired to outlaw war. Oona Hathaway and Scott Shapiro, both professors at Yale Law School, claim its signature was ‘among the most transformative events of human history’. They acknowledge that this assertion is, to put it mildly, counterintuitive. Most of the standard texts on the modern history of international relations give the Kellogg-Briand Pact only the briefest of mentions; commentators from George Kennan to Henry Kissinger have been derisive. Of the pact’s fifteen original signatory states (the number has since risen to sixty-seven, including Bosnia and Herzegovina as recently as 1994), all but Ireland participated in the Second World War little more than a decade later, and the world in 2017 seems to show few signs of being emancipated from armed conflict. 

Follow Literary Review on Twitter

  • Last Tweets

    • What a charming, candid blogpost from one of our dear contributing editors. ,
    • RT : The first guess from one of my 1st graders was “death” and such an awed, somber, reflective hush fell over the clas… ,
    • Merry Christmas from Literary Review! Hope your stockings were laden with books, and the tree bending under the weight of further books....,
    • Last minute Christmas gift required? We're offering discounts on all our subscriptions (20% no less!) with the cod… ,
    • In this issue's 'Silenced Voices', Lucy Popescu writes of Thailand's restrictive lese-majesty laws and their latest… ,
    • "Gunn was a disciple of the American formalist Yvor Winters, but Winters’s poetry could never give off such a scent… ,
    • Christmas gift hunting? Why not give the gift of being even better read? We're offering discounts on all our subscr… ,