Over twenty million copies of Lord of the Flies have been sold in this country. It is required reading in schools and it has been made into several films. So it could be true, as John Carey says, that a mention of the book sparks instant recognition for many in a way that William Golding’s name does not – hence the subtitle. Even so, what might have been Golding’s reaction? In the end he would probably not have been surprised. From early on he had longed for fame, but he always avoided publicity. When he heard that he was about to be awarded the Nobel Prize, he took out his horse for a solitary ride. Shy and private, he was also a self-examining, self-blaming man, conscious of what he considered to be the seeds of evil within him. Was that beard a form of protection?