Frank Brinkley

Bring in the Heavies

Praetorian: The Rise and Fall of Rome’s Imperial Bodyguard

By

Yale University Press 335pp £25 order from our bookshop

In AD 42 the incumbent ruler of the Roman Empire, best known to posterity as Caligula, was assassinated in a conspiracy formed by senators and members of his nominal bodyguard, the Praetorian Guard. He was Rome’s third emperor and the first to be removed by the unit sworn to protect him. In the bloodletting that followed his death, the sanctity of the imperial family was disregarded and his wife and daughter were murdered. But the Praetorian Guard had a wider role to play than simply that of king-slayers: guardsmen found Caligula’s uncle, Claudius, in the palace (cowering behind a curtain, if Suetonius is to be believed) and had him declared emperor by the Senate. Their power to make – or break – emperors was on public display. ‘Such formidable servants’, Edward Gibbon remarked in The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, ‘are always necessary, but often fatal to the throne of despotism.’

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