Christopher Andrew

Dropped in It

Target: Italy – The Secret War against Mussolini, 1940–1943

By

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The Allied invasion of mainland Italy in the Second World War, which began on the morning of 9 September 1943 with a landing on the beaches of Salerno, south of Naples, was the largest amphibious operation before D-day. Although there was stiff German resistance, Italian guns, save for those of a few diehard Fascists, were silent. The complex, secret negotiations for an Italian surrender after the overthrow of Mussolini almost six weeks earlier had already begun in earnest with the arrival of an Italian delegation in neutral Madrid on 15 August to meet the British ambassador, Sir Samuel Hoare.

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