Two PERIODS OF Dwight Eisenhower’s life shaped the twentieth century. He served as Republican president between 1952 and 1960, cohnting a series of international and domestic crises. In October 1957 Eisenhower took the momentous decision to deploy federal troops in Little Rock, Arkansas, to enforce the US Supreme Court’s decision to desegregate American schools, a step resisted by the state’s governor, Orval Faubus. This decision had great significance. It demonstrated the capacity of the federal government to override local opposition to desegregation and confirmed that the United States was on the road to reforming civil rights for African-Americans.
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