John Harwood

Knocking on Heaven’s Door

Near-Death Experiences: Understanding Visions of the Afterlife

By John Martin Fischer & Benjamin Mitchell-Yellin

Oxford University Press 191pp £16.99 order from our bookshop

Afterlife: A History of Life after Death

By Philip C Almond

I B Tauris 236pp £25 order from our bookshop

Since Raymond Moody first categorised the phenomenon in Life after Life (1975), near-death experiences (NDEs) have become a staple of mass-market publishing. In one common variant, the protagonist (male in all of the examples considered here) finds himself floating above an operating table, looking down on his unconscious body as a medical team struggles to save him. Then he moves on upward, often through a dark tunnel, before emerging into radiant light to be greeted by deceased relations and/or angelic beings. He is told he can choose whether to stay or return, and reluctantly decides to resume his earthly life.

The physiological causes may include a protective rush of endorphins to the brain in extremis (a NDE can be induced with an injection of ketamine), which perhaps explains why the experience is prototypically benign; nobody, as far as I know, has reported a descent into hell and torment. Like lucid dreams, notably dreams of flying, they seem to occur very close to the threshold of consciousness; hence the sensation of falling back into the body at the instant of waking, and the lasting impression they leave. Many people have said that their fear of death remains markedly diminished years after an NDE. But while Moody, despite the implications of his book’s title, insisted that NDEs were entirely subjective, later authors have claimed them as direct revelation.

Subscribe to read the full article


University of Chicago Press

Follow Literary Review on Twitter

  • Last Tweets

    • ‘Not everyone knows what it is to have your father’s rival’s penis inches from your nose’. Ian McEwan in a Nutshell ,
    • RT : I've got approx. 100 copies of from early 1990s-2000s to give away (most w/ covers).… ,
    • 'I Contain Multitudes is popular science writing at its best.' Wendy Moore is fascinated by a study on microbes ,
    • 'Costume of the life force? Words fail.' Germaine Greer on an ode to the condom ,
    • It's Write on Kew for the next four days. There are free copies of Literary Review about; why not dip your toe into the magazine?,
    • Which sci-fi author time-travelled to ancient Rome and lived a parallel life a persecuted Christian named Thomas? ,
    • You can pick up free copies of Literary Review at Write On Kew, which begins tomorrow. Fill your boots (with magazines).,