I should guess that most educated English people (and perhaps, for that matter, most educated French people) draw their information about the history of Algeria from two sources. Many will have seen Gillo Pontecorvo’s 1966 film The Battle of Algiers, which depicts the savage conflict between French paratroopers and the Algerian Front de Libération Nationale (FLN). Many will also have read the novels of Albert Camus. All this means that our image of Algerian history tends to focus on the endgame of French rule in Algeria – the period from 1945 to 1962. The vision of Algeria offered by both Pontecorvo and Camus is also an almost entirely urban one. The greater part of the European population of Algeria lived in a small number of cities: Algiers, Oran, Constantine and Bône. If wine plays any role in the usual portrayal of Algeria, it is as something that separates the Europeans from the native Algerians, who were mainly Muslims. The FLN sought to suppress the drinking of alcohol and one of the most chilling scenes in The Battle of Algiers depicts nationalist activists inciting children to lynch a drunk.
Owen White offers a different perspective. He points out that in 1932 the area around Oran made more wine than the Gironde region in France. By the time of its independence, Algeria was the fourth largest producer of wine in the world after France,