Jonathan Beckman

Title Stories

Aristocracy and Its Enemies in the Age of Revolution

By

Oxford University Press 371pp £30 order from our bookshop

To get on in ancien régime France, it helped to be a noble. The king’s courtiers were noble, as were his ministers, the intendants who governed the provinces in his name and the magistrates who staffed the parlements where laws were registered and justice was dispensed. So too were the top ranks of the army, clergy and the government bureaucracy. But the door was not closed to those who had sufficient funds. Ennobling offices could be bought which, if they stayed in the family for a couple of generations, endowed a hereditary title.

Follow Literary Review on Twitter

  • Last Tweets

    • . is next week! The programme is excellent and there are free copies of Literary Review, to boot! ,
    • 'Britain's spy chief in the Congo replied to a fellow peer who asked her whether SIS played any part in its prime m… ,
    • This month Lucy Popescu covers the plight of poet Galal El-Behairy and activist Wael Abbas in Egypt's crack-down on… ,
    • 'I fear that defending an 18th-century agrarian economist against – well, against whom exactly? – is not the best u… ,
    • 'He lacks empathy with all but the wealthy and has no grasp of the struggles faced by the majority of his concitoye… ,
    • Here's Richard Vinen's review of A Certain Idea of France by Julian Jackson: ,
    • RT : James Crabtree's 'Billionaire Raj' - my review for . "...For sheer chutzpah, India’s billionaires provid… ,