Richard Overy

Turning Points?

Kiev 1941: Hitler’s Battle for Supremacy in the East


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The Battle of Midway


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December 1941: Twelve Days that Began a World War


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The idea that the Second World War had a ‘turning point’ or ‘turning points’ has become a historians’ parlour game. But what exactly does it mean? Few other major events have attracted the same curiosity. A turning point in the French Revolution? The Crusades? The suffragette movement? It is possible to identify continuities and discontinuities; to search out periods of accelerated change; to reflect on the narrative as a complex process of interaction between historical actors and historical context, between individual initiative and the contingent pressures that limit or advance it. But a turning point?

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