Jonathan Keates

Wolfgang’s World

Mozart at the Gateway to His Fortune: Serving the Emperor, 1788–1791


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Side by side with one another there now exist two radically different versions of Mozart’s life. The less obviously dramatic of the two tells the story of a jobbing composer amid the busy and highly competitive atmosphere of musical Vienna in the eighteenth century’s closing decades. He marries, fathers children, makes friends, gains useful contacts within his professional circle, and lives quite comfortably in a sequence of rented apartments across the city. While not wholly successful in securing the most desirable positions at court, he enjoys the favour of Emperor Joseph II and the Habsburg establishment. When Joseph dies and is succeeded by his brother, the less musically inclined Leopold, Grand Duke of Tuscany, it is Mozart who is summoned to provide the opera celebrating the new sovereign’s coronation in Prague. Supposedly Leopold’s cloth-eared empress describes La clemenza di Tito as ‘una porcheria tedesca’ – ‘German pigswill’ – but the composer has other things to worry about, in the shape of a first-night cast hopelessly unequal to his splendid score. A few months later he falls ill and dies, perhaps from kidney disease, its impact exacerbated by overwork and financial anxieties. As his sister, Nannerl, laconically observes, ‘He didn’t know how to handle the money.’

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