Adam LeBor

Change by the Sea

Paradise Lost: Smyrna 1922 – The Destruction of Islam’s City of Tolerance

By

Sceptre 426pp £20 order from our bookshop

As Israel celebrates its sixtieth anniversary of independence, and the Palestinians commemorate what they call the Nakba (the catastrophe), there are endless discussions about what caused the exodus of perhaps 700,000 Palestinians. Did they simply run away, were they ‘encouraged to leave’, or were they deliberately expelled? The truth, doubtless, is a mixture of all three.

It’s curious, and deeply regrettable, that two simultaneous campaigns of ethnic cleansing which also took place in the remains of the Ottoman Empire, and which preceded the events of 1948 (and may have inspired them), have been little written about, at least by Western historians. The forced transfer of hundreds of thousands of Greeks from what is today’s Turkey and the concomitant expulsion of Muslims from Greece in the aftermath of the First World War constituted one of the terrible crimes of the last century, a true Nakba both for the victims and for Europe as a whole.

Follow Literary Review on Twitter

  • Last Tweets

    • Whom did Picasso label a 'bristly pig'? Read Rosalind P Blakesley's review of The Collector by Natalya Semenova to… ,
    • Alexandra Gajda on Anna Beer's new biography, Patriot or Traitor: The Life and Death of Sir Walter Ralegh ,
    • Mark Lawson reviews @jonathancoe's Middle England - The Rotters' Club for our Brexit age. ,
    • 'Behind every book that is published lies ... a haunted landscape, populated by the ghosts of things written and ex… ,
    • 'We once more live in a great age of dragon invention' Here's Tom Shippey on Martin Arnold's The Dragon ,
    • RT : Man at the q&a part of the book panel: Don't say it Don't say it Don't say it Don't say it Don't say it Don't s… ,
    • Here's @epkaufm's Whiteshift, reviewed in this month's magazine by ,