Donald Rayfield

The Big Freeze

Putin’s Kleptocracy: Who Owns Russia?


Simon & Schuster 447pp $30 order from our bookshop

Red Notice: How I Became Putin’s No 1 Enemy


Bantam Press 367pp £18.99 order from our bookshop

If an international criminal court ever decides to throw the book at Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, then Karen Dawisha’s Putin’s Kleptocracy is the book the prosecutor might want to read. Dawisha has followed up every trace of Putin’s activity since the KGB was officially dissolved and gives, with varying degrees of certainty and assurance, the dates, locations, associates and outcomes of some twenty years of criminal activity – hit-and-run car accidents, fraud, misappropriation of national and international funds, chicanery, grand larceny, false accusations, torture, murder, war crimes and terrorism. Many of these crimes have been revealed and discussed by previous authors (notably Yuri Felshtinsky in Blowing Up Russia: The Secret Plot to Bring Back KGB Power, co-authored with Alexander Litvinenko, and The Putin Corporation, and Masha Gessen in The Man without a Face: The Unlikely Rise of Vladimir Putin). Dawisha, however, has sacrificed narrative flow to build up a much more convincing indictment: over the years she has retrieved a vast archive of cached internet material (as ephemeral as mayflies in Russian cyberspace), from which this book is, in several senses, condensed. Fraud cases involving billions of dollars are notoriously difficult for laymen to follow, but Dawisha’s readers will find good reason to harness their powers of concentration. Felshtinsky and Gessen are more readable, but are too easily repudiated by pro-Putin spokesmen. Dawisha’s finely detailed and heavily annotated forensic dossier has to be studied with a lawyer’s patience, preferably together with the material on her website (

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